Kostadima et al. (2005)
Population: Stroke=25, Head Injury=16; Mean Ag=47.3yr; Gender: Male=32, Female= 9.
Treatment: Ventilator dependant patients received either a gastrostomy or Nasogastric tube for enteral feeding. Tubes were inserted within 24 hours of intubation. Patients were followed for 3wk.
Outcome Measure: Pneumonia rates, length of stay (LOS) in intensive care unit, ventilation days, mortality.
- At the end of weeks 2 and 3 the cumulative incidence of pneumonia was significantly higher in the nasogastric, compared to the gastrostomy group (p<0.05).
- At the end of the first week the incidence of pneumonia was higher in the gastrostomy group although the result was not statistically significant.
- No significant difference between groups in LOS, ventilation days, or mortality rates were found.