References

Aboulafia-Brakha, T., Greber Buschbeck, C., Rochat, L., & Annoni, J. M. (2013). Feasibility and initial efficacy of a cognitive-behavioural group programme for managing anger and aggressiveness after traumatic brain injury. Neuropsychol Rehabil, 23(2), 216-233.

Al-Ozairi, A., McCullagh, S., & Feinstein, A. (2014). Predicting posttraumatic stress symptoms following mild, moderate, and severe traumatic brain injury: The role of posttraumatic amnesia. J Head Trauma Rehab.

Alderman, N. (1991). The treatment of avoidance behaviour following severe brain injury by satiation through negative practice. Brain Inj, 5(1), 77-86.

Alderman, N., Davies, J. A., Jones, C., & McDonnel, P. (1999). Reduction of severe aggressive behaviour in acquired brain injury: Case studies illustrating clinical use of the OAS-MNR in the management of challenging behaviours. Brain Inj, 13(9), 669-704.

Alderman, N., Knight, C., & Brooks, J. (2013). Rehabilitation approaches to the management of aggressive behaviour disorders after acquired brain injury. Brain Impair, 14(1), 5-20.

Alexander, S., Kerr, M. E., Yonas, H., & Marion, D. W. (2004). The effects of admission alcohol level on cerebral blood flow and outcomes after severe traumatic brain injury. J Neurotrauma, 21(5), 575-583.

Alway, Y., McKay, A., Ponsford, J., & Schönberger, M. (2012). Expressed emotion and its relationship to anxiety and depression after traumatic brain injury. Neuropsychol Rehabil, 22(3), 374-390.

Amato, S., Salter, J. P., & Mion, L. C. (2006). Physical restraint reduction in the acute rehabilitation setting: A quality improvement study. Rehabil Nurs, 31(6), 235-241.

American Nurses Association. (2012). Postion statement: Reduction of patient restraint and seclusion in health care settings. Retrieved from http://www.nursingworld.org/restraintposition

American Music Therapy Association. (2004). Music Therapy Makes a Difference. Retrieved from http://www.musictherapy.org

Andelic, N., Jerstad, T., Sigurdardottir, S., Schanke, A. K., Sandvik, L., & Roe, C. (2010). Effects of acute substance use and pre-injury substance abuse on traumatic brain injury severity in adults admitted to a trauma centre. J Trauma Manag Outcomes, 4, 6.

Andrewes, H. E., Walker, V., & O'Neill, B. (2014). Exploring the use of positive psychology interventions in brain injury survivors with challenging behaviour. Brain Inj, 28(7), 965-971.

Anke, A., Andelic, N., Skandsen, T., Knoph, R., Ader, T., Manskow, U., . . . Roe, C. (2015). Functional Recovery and Life Satisfaction in the First Year after Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: A Prospective Multicenter Study of a Norwegian National Cohort. J Head Trauma Rehabil, 30(4), E38-E49.

Anson, K., & Ponsford, J. (2006a). Evaluation of a coping skills group following traumatic brain injury. Brain Inj, 20(2), 167-178.

Anson, K., & Ponsford, J. (2006b). Who benefits? Outcome following a coping skills group intervention for traumatically brain injured individuals. Brain Inj, 20(1), 1-13.

Arango-Lasprilla, J. C., Ketchum, J. M., Drew, A., Hammond, F., Powell, J. M., Kreutzer, J., . . . Carr, C. (2012). Neurobehavioural symptoms 1 year after traumatic brain injury: a preliminary study of the relationship between race/ethnicity and symptoms. Brain Inj, 26(6), 814-824.

Arundine, A., Bradbury, C. L., Dupuis, K., Dawson, D. R., Ruttan, L. A., & Green, R. E. A. (2012). Cognitive behavior therapy after acquired brain injury: Maintenance of therapeutic benefits at 6 months posttreatment. J Head Trauma Rehab, 27(2), 104-112.

Ashley MJ, Krich DK, & CH, P. (1995). Working with behaviour disorders. San Antonio, TX.: Communication Skill Builders.

Ashman, T., Cantor, J. B., Tsaousides, T., Spielman, L., & Gordon, W. (2014). Comparison of cognitive behavioral therapy and supportive psychotherapy for the treatment of depression following traumatic brain injury: A randomized controlled trial. J Head Trauma Rehabil, 29(6), 467-478.

Ashman, T. A., Cantor, J. B., Gordon, W. A., Spielman, L., Flanagan, S., Ginsberg, A., . . . Greenwald, B. (2009). A Randomized Controlled Trial of Sertraline for the Treatment of Depression in Persons With Traumatic Brain Injury. Arch Phys Med Rehab, 90(5), 733-740.

Ashworth, F., Clarke, A., Jones, L., Jennings, C., & Longworth, C. (2015). An exploration of compassion focused therapy following acquired brain injury. Psychol Psychother, 88(2), 143-162.

Azouvi, P., Jokic, C., Attal, N., Denys, P., Markabi, S., & Bussel, B. (1999). Carbamazepine in agitation and aggressive behaviour following severe closed-head injury: Results of an open trial. Brain Inj, 13(10), 797-804.

Backhaus, S. L., Ibarra, S. L., Klyce, D., Trexler, L. E., & Malec, J. F. (2010). Brain Injury Coping Skills Group: A Preventative Intervention for Patients With Brain Injury and Their Caregivers. Arch Phys Med Rehab, 91(6), 840-848.

Baguley, I. J., Cooper, J., & Felmingham, K. (2006). Aggressive behavior following traumatic brain injury: How common is common? J Head Trauma Rehab, 21(1), 45-56.

Bahraini, N. H., Simpson, G. K., Brenner, L. A., Hoffberg, A. S., & Schneider, A. L. (2013). Suicidal ideation and behaviours after traumatic brain injury: A systematic review. Brain Impairment, 14(1), 92-112.

Bajo, A., Hazan, J., Fleminger, S., & Taylor, R. (1999). Rehabilitation on a Cognitive Behavioural Unit Is Associated with Changes in FAM, not FIM. Neuropsychol Rehabil, 9(3-4), 413-419.

Bakchine, S., Lacomblez, L., Benoit, N., Parisot, D., Chain, F., & Lhermitte, F. (1989). Manic-like state after bilateral orbitofrontal and right temporoparietal injury: Efficacy of clonidine. Neurology, 39(6), 777-781.

Barker-Collo, S., Starkey, N., & Theadom, A. (2013). Treatment for depression following mild traumatic brain injury in adults: a meta-analysis. Brain Inj, 27(10), 1124-1133.

Barker-Collo, S., Theadom, A., Ameratunga, S., Jones, K., Jones, A., Starkey, N., & Feigin, V. L. (2013). Prevalence and predictors of post-traumatic stress disorder in adults one year following traumatic brain injury: A population-based study. Brain Impair, 14(3), 425-435.

Bay, E., & Covassin, T. (2012). Chronic Stress, Somatic and Depressive Symptoms Following Mild to Moderate Traumatic Brain Injury. Arch Psychiatr Nurs, 26(6), 477-486.

Bedard, Felteau, M., Mazmanian, D., Fedyk, K., Klein, R., Richardson, J., . . . Minthorn-Biggs, M.-B. (2003). Pilot evaluation of a mindfulness-based intervention to improve quality of life among individuals who sustained traumatic brain injuries. Disabil Rehabil, 25(13), 722-731.

Bedard, M., Felteau, M., Marshall, S., Campbell, S., Gibbons, C., Klein, R., & Weaver, B. (2012). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy: benefits in reducing depression following a traumatic brain injury. Adv Mind Body Med, 26(1), 14-20.

Bedard, M., Felteau, M., Marshall, S., Cullen, N., Gibbons, C., Dubois, S., . . . Moustgaard, A. (2014). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy reduces symptoms of depression in people with a traumatic brain injury: Results from a randomized controlled trial. J Head Trauma Rehabil, 29(4), E13-E22.

Bellon, K., Kolakowsky-Hayner, S., Wright, J., Huie, H., Toda, K., Bushnik, T., & Englander, J. (2015). A home-based walking study to ameliorate perceived stress and depressive symptoms in people with a traumatic brain injury. Brain Inj, 29(3), 313-319.

Berry, C., Salim, A., Alban, R., Mirocha, J., Margulies, D. R., & Ley, E. J. (2010). Serum ethanol levels in patients with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury influence outcomes: A surprising finding. Am Surgeon, 76(10), 1067-1070.

Berthier, M. L., Kulisevsky, J., Gironell, A., & López, O. L. (2001). Obsessive-compulsive disorder and traumatic brain injury: Behavioral, cognitive, and neuroimaging findings. Neuropsychiatry Neuropsychol Behav Neurol, 14(1), 23-31.

Bertisch, H. C., Long, C., Langenbahn, D. M., Rath, J. F., Diller, L., & Ashman, T. (2013). Anxiety as a primary predictor of functional impairment after acquired brain injury: A brief report. Rehabil Psychol, 58(4), 429-435.

Bilgic, B., Baral-Kulaksizoglu, I., Hanagasi, H., Saylan, M., Aykutlu, E., Gurvit, H., & Emre, M. (2004). Obsessive-compulsive disorder secondary to bilateral frontal damage due to a closed head injury. Cogn Behav Neurol, 17(2), 118-120.

Bjork, J. M., & Grant, S. J. (2009). Does traumatic brain injury increase risk for substance abuse? J Neurotrauma, 26(7), 1077-1082.

Blake, H., & Batson, M. (2009). Exercise intervention in brain injury: A pilot randomized study of Tai Chi Qigong. Clin Rehabil, 23(7), 589-598.

Bogner, J. A., Corrigan, J. D., Spafford, D. E., & Lamb-Hart, G. L. (1997). Integrating substance abuse treatment and vocational rehabilitation after traumatic brain injury. J Head Trauma Rehabil, 12(5), 57-71.

Bombardier, C. H., Rimmele, C. T., & Zintel, H. (2002). The magnitude and correlates of alcohol and drug use before traumatic brain injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 83(12), 1765-1773.

Bombardier, C. H., Temkin, N. R., Machamer, J., & Dikmen, S. S. (2003). The natural history of drinking and alcohol-related problems after traumatic brain injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 84(2), 185-191.

Bombardier, C. H., & Thurber, C. A. (1998). Blood alcohol level and early cognitive status after traumatic brain injury. Brain Inj, 12(9), 725-734.

Brooke, M. M., Patterson, D. R., Questad, K. A., Cardenas, D., & Farrel-Roberts, L. (1992). The treatment of agitation during initial hospitalization after traumatic brain injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 73(10), 917-921.

Brooke, M. M., Questad, K. A., Patterson, D. R., & Bashak, K. J. (1992). Agitation and restlessness after closed head injury: A prospective study of 100 consecutive admissions. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 73(4), 320-323.

Brotherton, F. A., Thomas, L. L., Wisotzek, I. E., & Milan, M. A. (1988). Social skills training in the rehabilitation of patients with traumatic closed head injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 69(10), 827-832.

Bryant, R. A., Marosszeky, J. E., Crooks, J., Baguley, I. J., & Gurka, J. A. (2001). Posttraumatic stress disorder and psychosocial functioning after severe traumatic brain injury. J Nerv Ment Dis, 189(2), 109-113.

Bryant, R. A., Marosszeky, J. E., Crooks, J., & Gurka, J. A. (2000). Posttraumatic Stress Disorder After Severe Traumatic Brain Injury. Am J Psychiatry, 157, 629-631.

Burke, W. H., Wesolowski, M. D., & Lane, I. (1988). A positive approach to the treatment of aggressive brain injured clients. Int J Rehabil Res, 11(3), 235-241.

Busch, A. B., & Shore, M. F. (2000). Seclusion and restraint: A review of recent literature. Harv Rev Psychiatry, 8(5), 261-270.

Byrne, C., & Coetzer, R. (2016). The effectiveness of psychological interventions for aggressive behavior following acquired brain injury: A meta-analysis and systematic review. NeuroRehabil, 39(2), 205-221.

Carnevale, G. J., Anselmi, V., Johnston, M. V., Busichio, K., & Walsh, V. (2006). A Natural Setting Behavior Management Program for Persons With Acquired Brain Injury: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 87(10), 1289-1297.

Chahine, L. M., & Chemali, Z. (2006). Du rire aux larmes: Pathological laughing and crying in patients with traumatic brain injury and treatment with lamotrigine. Epilepsy Behav, 8(3), 610-615.

Chatham Showalter, P. E., & Kimmel, D. N. (2000). Agitated symptom response to divalproex following acute brain injury. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci, 12(3), 395-397.

Childers, M. K., Holland, D., Ryan, M. G., & Rupright, J. (1998). Obsessional disorders during recovery from severe head injury: Report of four cases. Brain Inj, 12(7), 613-616.

College of Nurses of Ontario. (2009). The Standard of Care-Practice Standard. from http://www.cno.org

Corrigan, J. D. (2005). Substance Abuse. In W. M. High Jr, A. M. Sander, M. A. Struchen & K. A. Hart (Eds.), Rehabilitation for Traumatic Brain Injury (pp. 133-155). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Corrigan, J. D., & Bogner, J. (2007). Interventions to promote retention in substance abuse treatment. Brain Inj, 21(4), 343-356.

Corrigan, J. D., Bogner, J., Hungerford, D. W., & Schomer, K. (2010). Screening and brief intervention for substance misuse among patients with traumatic brain injury. J Trauma, 69(3), 722-726.

Cox, W. M., Heinemann, A. W., Vincent Miranti, S., Schmidt, M., Klinger, E., & Blount, J. (2003). Outcomes of Systematic Motivational Counseling for substance use following traumatic brain injury. Journal of Addictive Diseases, 22(1), 93-110.

D'Antonio, E., Tsaousides, T., Spielman, L., & Gordon, W. (2013). Depression and traumatic brain injury: Symptom profiles of patients treated with cognitive-behavioral therapy or supportive psychotherapy. Neuropsychiatry, 3(6), 601-609.

Damiano, D. L., Zampieri, C., Ge, J., Acevedo, A., & Dsurney, J. (2016). Effects of a rapid-resisted elliptical training program on motor, cognitive and neurobehavioral functioning in adults with chronic traumatic brain injury. Exp Brain Res, 234(8), 2245-2252.

Deb, S., & Burns, J. (2007). Neuropsychiatric consequences of traumatic brain injury: A comparison between two age groups. Brain Inj, 21(3), 301-307.

Deb, S., Lyons, I., Koutzoukis, C., Ali, I., & McCarthy, G. (1999). Rate of psychiatric illness 1 year after traumatic brain injury. Am J Psychiatry, 156(3), 374-378.

DeLambo, D. A., Chandras, K. V., Homa, D., & Chandras, S. V. (2008). Psychiatric disabilities and substance abuse: Applications for rehabilitation professionals. In G. R. Walz, J. C. Bleuer & R. K. Yeps (Eds.) Compelling counseling intervention: Celebrating VISTAS'fifth anniversary (pp. 149-159). Ann Arbor, MI: Counseling Outfitters.

Diaz, A. P., Schwarzbold, M. L., Thais, M. E., Hohl, A., Bertotti, M. M., Schmoeller, R., . . . Walz, R. (2012). Psychiatric disorders and health-related quality of life after severe traumatic brain injury: a prospective study. J Neurotrauma, 29(6), 1029-1037.

Dikmen, S. S., Bombardier, C. H., MacHamer, J. E., Fann, J. R., & Temkin, N. R. (2004). Natural history of depression in traumatic brain injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 85(9), 1457-1464.

Donovan, N. J., & Barry, J. J. (1994). Compulsive symptoms associated with frontal lobe injury [3]. Am J Psychiatry, 151(4), 618.

Driver, S., & Ede, A. (2009). Impact of physical activity on mood after TBI. Brain Inj, 23(3), 203-212.

Drummond, L. M., & Gravestock, S. (1988). Delayed emergence of obsessive-compulsive neurosis following head-injury. Case report and review of its theoretical implications. Br J Psychiatry, 153, 839-842.

Duxbury, J., & Wright, K. (2011). Should nurses restrain violent and aggressive patients? Nursing times, 107(9), 22-25.

Eames, P., & Wood, R. (1985). Rehabilitation after severe brain injury: A follow-up study of a behaviour modification approach. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry, 48(7), 613-619.

Eisenberg, M. E., Im, B., Swift, P., & Flanagan, S. R. (2009). Management of Traumatic Brain Injury-Related Agitation. Crit Rev Phys Rehabil Med, 21(3-4), 215-229.

Emory, L. E., Cole, C. M., & Meyer, W. J. (1995). Use of Depo-Provera to control sexual aggression in persons with traumatic brain injury. J Head Trauma Rehab, 10(3), 47-58.

Evans, D., & Fitzgerald, M. (2002). Reasons for physically restraining patients and residents: A systematic review and content analysis. Int J Nurs Stud, 39(7), 735-743.

Fann, J. R., Bombardier, C. H., Vannoy, S., Dyer, J., Ludman, E., Dikmen, S., . . . Temkin, N. (2015). Telephone and in-person cognitive behavioral therapy for major depression after traumatic brain injury: A randomized controlled trial. J Neurotrauma, 32(1), 45-57.

Fann, J. R., Katon, W. J., Uomoto, J. M., & Esselman, P. C. (1995). Psychiatric disorders and functional disability in outpatients with traumatic brain injuries. Am J Psychiatry, 152(10), 1493-1499.

Fedoroff, J. P., Starkstein, S. E., Forrester, A. W., Geisler, F. H., Jorge, R. E., Arndt, S. V., & Robinson, R. G. (1992). Depression in patients with acute traumatic brain injury. Am J Psychiatry, 149(7), 918-923.

Feeney, T. J., & Ylvisaker, M. (1995). Choice and routine: Antecedent behavioral interventions for adolescents with severe traumatic brain injury. J Head Trauma Rehab, 10(3), 67-86.

Fisher, L. B., Pedrelli, P., Iverson, G. L., Bergquist, T. F., Bombardier, C. H., Hammond, F. M., . . . Zafonte, R. (2016). Prevalence of suicidal behaviour following traumatic brain injury: Longitudinal follow-up data from the NIDRR Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems. Brain Inj, 1-8.

Fleminger, S., Oliver, D. L., Williams, W. H., & Evans, J. (2003). The neuropsychiatry of depression after brain injury. Neuropsychol Rehabil, 13(1-2), 65-87.

Formisano, R., Vinicola, V., Penta, F., Matteis, M., Brunelli, S., & Weckel, J. W. (2001). Active music therapy in the rehabilitation of severe brain injured patients during coma recovery. Ann Ist Super Sanita, 37(4), 627-630.

Gao, K., & Calabrese, J. R. (2005). Newer treatment studies for bipolar depression. Bipolar Disord, 7(Suppl 5), 13-23.

Gemmell, C., & Leathem, J. M. (2006). A study investigating the effects of Tai Chi Chuan: Individuals with traumatic brain injury compared to controls. Brain Inj, 20(2), 151-156.

Geracioti Jr, T. D. (1994). Valproic acid treatment of episodic explosiveness related to brain injury [4]. J Clin Psychiatry, 55(9), 416-417.

Glenn, M. B., Wroblewski, B., Parziale, J., Levine, L., Whyte, J., & Rosenthal, M. (1989). Lithium carbonate for aggressive behavior or affective instability in ten brain-injured patients. Am J Phys Med Rehab, 68(5), 221-226.

Gordon, W. A., Sliwinski, M., Echo, J., McLoughlin, M., Sheerer, M., & Meili, T. E. (1998). The benefits of exercise in individuals with traumatic brain injury: A retrospective study. J Head Trauma Rehab, 13(4), 58-67.

Gould, K. R., Ponsford, J. L., & Spitz, G. (2014). Association between cognitive impairments and anxiety disorders following traumatic brain injury. J Clin Exp Neuropsychol, 36(1), 1-14.

Grados, M. A. (2003). Obsessive-compulsive disorder after traumatic brain injury. Int Rev Psychiatry, 15(4), 350-358.

Greendyke, R. M., & Kanter, D. R. (1986). Therapeutic effects of pindolol on behavioral disturbances associated with organic brain disease: A double-blind study. J Clin Psychiatry, 47(8), 423-426.

Greendyke, R. M., Kanter, D. R., Schuster, D. B., Verstreate, S., & Wootton, J. (1986). Propranolol treatment of assaultive patients with organic brain disease. A double-blind crossover, placebo-controlled study. J  Nerv Ment Dis, 174(5), 290-294.

Gregory Jr, H. H., & Bonfiglio, R. P. (1995). Limiting restraint use for behavior control: the brain injury rehabilitation unit as a model. Md Med J, 44(4), 279-283.

Guétin, S., Soua, B., Voiriot, G., Picot, M. C., & Hérisson, C. (2009). The effect of music therapy on mood and anxiety-depression: An observational study in institutionalised patients with traumatic brain injury. Ann Phys Rehabil Med, 52(1), 30-40.

Gulpers, M. J. M., Bleijlevens, M. H. C., Ambergen, T., Capezuti, E., Van Rossum, E., & Hamers, J. P. H. (2011). Belt restraint reduction in nursing homes: Effects of a multicomponent intervention program. J Am Geriatr Soc, 59(11), 2029-2036.

Gutierrez, P. M., Brenner, L. A., & Huggins, J. A. (2008). A preliminary investigation of suicidality in psychiatrically hospitalized veterans with traumatic brain injury. Arch Suicide Res, 12(4), 336-343.

Hammond, F. M., Bickett, A. K., Norton, J. H., & Pershad, R. (2014). Effectiveness of amantadine hydrochloride in the reduction of chronic traumatic brain injury irritability and aggression. J Head Trauma Rehabil, 29(5), 391-399.

Hammond, F. M., Sherer, M., Malec, J. F., Zafonte, R. D., Whitney, M., Bell, K., . . . Pershad, R. (2015). Amantadine Effect on Perceptions of Irritability after Traumatic Brain Injury: Results of the Amantadine Irritability Multisite Study. J Neurotrauma, 32(16), 1230-1238.

Hart, T., Vaccaro, M. J., Hays, C., & Maiuro, R. D. (2012). Anger self-management training for people with traumatic brain injury: A preliminary investigation. J Head Trauma Rehabil, 27(2), 113-122.

Health Canada. (2009). Depression.  Retrieved from http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hl-vs/iyh-vsv/diseases-maladies/depression-eng.php.

Hibbard, M. R., Ashman, T. A., Spielman, L. A., Chun, D., Charatz, H. J., & Melvin, S. (2004). Relationship between depression and psychosocial functioning after traumatic brain injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 85(Suppl 2), S43-S53.

Hibbard, M. R., Uysal, S., Kepler, K., Bogdany, J., & Silver, J. (1998). Axis I psychopathology in individuals with traumatic brain injury. J Head Trauma Rehabil, 13(4), 24-39.

Hodgson, J., McDonald, S., Tate, R., & Gertler, P. (2005). A Randomised Controlled Trial of a Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy Program for Managing Social Anxiety After Acquired Brain Injury. Brain Impair, 6(3), 169-180.

Hoffman, J. M., Bell, K. R., Powell, J. M., Behr, J., Dunn, E. C., Dikmen, S., & Bombardier, C. H. (2010). A randomized controlled trial of exercise to improve mood after traumatic brain injury. PM R, 2(10), 911-919.

Hsieh, M. Y., Ponsford, J., Wong, D., & McKay, A. (2012). Exploring variables associated with change in cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) for anxiety following traumatic brain injury. Disabil Rehabil, 34(5), 408-415.

Hudak, A. M., Hynan, L. S., Harper, C. R., & Diaz-Arrastia, R. (2012). Association of depressive symptoms with functional outcome after traumatic brain injury. J Head Trauma Rehabil, 27(2), 87-98.

Huizing, A. R., Hamers, J. P. H., Gulpers, M. J. M., & Berger, M. P. F. (2009). A cluster-randomized trial of an educational intervention to reduce the use of physical restraints with psychogeriatric nursing home residents: Clinical investigations. J Am Geriatr Soc, 57(7), 1139-1148.

Jacobs, H. E. (1993). Behavior analysis guidelines and brain injury rehabilitation: People, principles, and programs. Gaithersburg, MD: Aspen Publishers.

Jagger, J., Fife, D., Vernberg, K., & Jane, J. A. (1984). Effect of alcohol intoxication on the diagnosis and apparent severity of brain injury. Neurosurgery, 15(3), 303-306.

Janzen, S., McIntyre, A., Meyer, M., Sequeira, K., & Teasell, R. (2014). The management of agitation among inpatients in a brain injury rehabilitation unit. Brain Inj, 28(3), 318-322.

Jean-Bay, E. (2000). The biobehavioral correlates of post-traumatic brain injury depression. The J Neurosci Nurs, 32(3), 169-176.

Jenike, M. A., & Brandon, A. D. (1988). Obsessive-compulsive disorder and head trauma: A rare association. J Anxiety Disord, 2(4), 353-359.

Jorge, R. E. (2005). Neuropsychiatric consequences of traumatic brain injury: A review of recent findings. Curr Opin Psychiatry, 18(3), 289-299.

Jorge, R. E., Robinson, R. G., Moser, D., Tateno, A., Crespo-Facorro, B., & Arndt, S. (2004). Major depression following traumatic brain injury. Arch Gen Psychiatry, 61(1), 42-50.

Jorge, R. E., & Starkstein, S. E. (2005). Pathophysiologic aspects of major depression following traumatic brain injury. J Head Trauma Rehabil, 20(6), 475-487.

Juengst, S. B., Arenth, P. M., & Whyte, E. M. (2014). Brief Report of Affective State and Depression Status After Traumatic Brain Injury. Rehabil Psychol, 59(2), 242-246.

Kant, R., Smith-Seemiller, L., & Duffy, J. D. (1996). Obsessive - Compulsive disorder after closed head injury: Review of literature and report of four cases. Brain Inj, 10(1), 55-63.

Kant, R., Smith-Seemiller, L., & Zeiler, D. (1998). Treatment of aggression and irritability after head injury. Brain Inj, 12(8), 661-666.

Kelly, D. F. (1995). Alcohol and head injury: An issue revisited. J Neurotrauma, 12(5), 883-890.

Kelly, M. P., Johnson, C. T., Knoller, N., Drubach, D. A., & Winslow, M. M. (1997). Substance abuse, traumatic brain injury and neuropsychological outcome. Brain Inj, 11(6), 391-402.

Kim, E. (2002). Agitation, aggression, and disinhibition syndromes after traumatic brain injury. NeuroRehabilitation, 17(4), 297-310.

Kim, E., & Bijlani, M. (2006). A pilot study of quetiapine treatment of aggression due to traumatic brain injury. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci, 18(4), 547-549.

Kim, E., & Humaran, T. J. (2002). Divalproex in the management of neuropsychiatric complications of remote acquired brain injury. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci, 14(2), 202-205.

Knottnerus, A. M., Turner-Stokes, T., van de Weg, F. B., Heijnen, L., Lankhorst, G. J., & Turner-Stokes, L. (2007). Diagnosis and treatment of depression following acquired brain injury: A comparison of practice in the UK and the Netherlands. Clin Rehabil, 21(9), 805-811.

Kolakowsky-Hayner, S. A., Gourley Iii, E. V., Kreutzer, J. S., Marwitz, J. H., Meade, M. A., & Cifu, D. X. (2002). Post-injury substance abuse among persons with brain injury and persons with spinal cord injury. Brain Inj, 16(7), 583-592.

Kow, J. V., & Hogan, D. B. (2000). Use of physical and chemical restraints in medical teaching units. CMAJ, 162(3), 339-340.

Kreutzer, J. S., Seel, R. T., & Gourley, E. (2001). The prevalence and symptom rates of depression after traumatic brain injury: A comprehensive examination. Brain Inj, 15(7), 563-576.

Kwok, C., McIntyre, A., Janzen, S., Sequeira, K., & Teasell, R. (2013). Drug and alcohol abuse among individuals with acquired brain injury. CJAM, 4(2), 14-19.

Lee, H., Kim, S. W., Shin, I. S., Yang, S. J., & Yoon, J. S. (2005). Comparing effects of methylphenidate, sertraline and placebo on neuropsychiatric sequelae in patients with traumatic brain injury. Hum Psychopharmacol, 20(2), 97-104.

Lequerica, A. H., Rapport, L. J., Loeher, K., Axelrod, B. N., Vangel Jr, S. J., & Hanks, R. A. (2007). Agitation in acquired brain injury: Impact on acute rehabilitation therapies. J Head Trauma Rehabil, 22(3), 177-183.

Levy, M., Berson, A., Cook, T., Bollegala, N., Seto, E., Tursanski, S., . . . Bhalerao, S. (2005). Treatment of agitation following traumatic brain injury: A review of the literature. NeuroRehabilitation, 20(4), 279-306.

Ludwick, R., Meehan, A., Zeller, R., & O'Toole, R. (2008). Safety work: Initiating, maintaining, and terminating restraints. Clin Nurse Spec, 22(2), 81-87.

Mackelprang, J. L., Bombardier, C. H., Fann, J. R., Temkin, N. R., Barber, J. K., & Dikmen, S. S. (2014). Rates and predictors of suicidal ideation during the first year after traumatic brain injury. Am J Public Health, 104(7), e100-107.

Macpherson, D. S., Lofgren, R. P., Granieri, R., & Myllenbeck, S. (1990). Deciding to restrain medical patients. J Am Geriatr Soc, 38(5), 516-520.

Malec, J. F., Testa, J. A., Rush, B. K., Brown, A. W., & Moessner, A. M. (2007). Self-assessment of impairment, impaired self-awareness, and depression after traumatic brain injury. J Head Trauma Rehabil, 22(3), 156-166.

Mania, I., Evcimen, H., & Mathews, M. (2006). Citalopram treatment for inappropriate sexual behavior in a cognitively impaired patient. Prim Care Companion J Clin Psychiatry, 8(2), 106-107.

Marks, W. (1992). Physical restraints in the practice of medicine. Current concepts. Arch Intern Med, 152(11), 2203-2206.

Maryniak, O., Manchanda, R., & Velani, A. (2001). Methotrimeprazine in the treatment of agitation in acquired brain injury patients. Brain Inj, 15(2), 167-174.

Mayou, R., Bryant, B., & Duthie, R. (1993). Psychiatric consequences of road traffic accidents. BMJ, 307(6905), 647-651.

McDonald, S., Tate, R., Togher, L., Bornhofen, C., Long, E., Gertler, P., & Bowen, R. (2008). Social Skills Treatment for People With Severe, Chronic Acquired Brain Injuries: A Multicenter Trial. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 89(9), 1648-1659.

McElroy, S. L., Keck, P. E., Jr., & Pope, H. G., Jr. (1987). Sodium valproate: its use in primary psychiatric disorders. J Clin Psychopharmacol, 7(1), 16-24.

McKeon, J., McGuffin, P., & Robinson, P. (1984). Obsessive-compulsive neurosis following head injury. A report of four cases. Br J Psychiatry, 144(2), 190-192.

McKinlay, W. W., Brooks, D. N., Bond, M. R., Martinage, D. P., & Marshall, M. M. (1981). The short-term outcome of severe blunt head injury as reported by relatives of the injured persons. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry, 44(6), 527-533.

McNett, M., Sarver, W., & Wilczewski, P. (2012). The prevalence, treatment and outcomes of agitation among patients with brain injury admitted to acute care units. Brain Inj, 26(9), 1155-1162.

Medd, J., & Tate, R. L. (2000). Evaluation of an anger management therapy programme following acquired brain injury: A preliminary study. Neuropsychol Rehabil, 10(2), 185-201.

Ministry of Health and Long Term Care for the Province of Ontario. (2001). Patient Restraints Minimization Act.  Retrieved from http://www.e-laws.gov.on.ca/html/source/statues/english/2001.

Minnick, A. F., Mion, L. C., Johnson, M. E., Catrambone, C., & Leipzig, R. (2007). Prevalence and variation of physical restraint use in acute care settings in the US: Clinical scholarship. J Nurs Scholarsh, 39(1), 30-37.

Mion, L. C., Minnick, A., & Palmer, R. (1996). Physical Restraint Use in the Hospital Setting: Unresolved Issues and Directions for Research. Milbank Q, 74(3), 411-433.

Mion, L. C., Sandhu, S. K., Khan, R. H., Ludwick, R., Claridge, J. A., Pile, J., . . . Winchell, J. (2010). Effect of situational and clinical variables on the likelihood of physicians ordering physical restraints. J Am Geriatr Soc, 58(7), 1279-1288.

Mooney, G. F., & Haas, L. J. (1993). Effect of methylphenidate on brain injury-related anger. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 74(2), 153-160.

Morrison, J., Crinklaw-Wiancko, D., King, D., Thibeault, S., & Wells, D. L. (1987). Formulating a restraint use policy. J Nurs Adm, 17(3), 39-42.

Mysiw, W. J., Jackson, R. D., & Corrigan, J. D. (1988). Amitriptyline for post-traumatic agitation. Am J Phys Med Rehabil, 67(1), 29-33.

Nayak, S., Wheeler, B. L., Shiflett, S. C., & Agostinelli, S. (2000). Effect of music therapy on mood and social interaction among individuals with acute traumatic brain injury and stroke. Rehabil Psychol, 45(3), 274-283.

Noé, E., Ferri, J., Trénor, C., & Chirivella, J. (2007). Efficacy of ziprasidone in controlling agitation during post-traumatic amnesia. Behav Neurol, 18(1), 7-11.

O'Donnell, M. L., Bryant, R. A., Creamer, M., & Carty, J. (2008). Mental health following traumatic injury: Toward a health system model of early psychological intervention. Clin Psychol Rev, 28(3), 387-406.

O'Leary, C. A. (2000). Reducing aggression in adults with brain injuries. Behav Intervent, 15(3), 205-216.

O'Phelan, K., McArthur, D. L., Chang, C. W. J., Green, D., & Hovda, D. A. (2008). The impact of substance abuse on mortality in patients with severe traumatic brain injury. J Trauma, 65(3), 674-677.

Osborn, A. J., Mathias, J. L., & Fairweather-Schmidt, A. K. (2014). Depression following adult, non-penetrating traumatic brain injury: A meta-analysis examining methodological variables and sample characteristics. Neurosci Biobehav Rev, 47, 1-15.

Osborn, A. J., Mathias, J. L., & Fairweather-Schmidt, A. K. (2015). Prevalence of Anxiety Following Adult Traumatic Brain Injury: A Meta-Analysis Comparing Measures, Samples and Postinjury Intervals. Neuropsychology, 06.

Ownsworth, T. L., & Oei, T. P. S. (1998). Depression after traumatic brain injury: Conceptualization and treatment considerations. Brain Inj, 12(9), 735-751.

Perino, C., Rago, R., Cicolin, A., Torta, R., & Monaco, F. (2001). Mood and behavioural disorders following traumatic brain injury: Clinical evaluation and pharmacological management. Brain Inj, 15(2), 139-148.

Ponsford, Tweedly, L., Lee, N., & Taffe, J. (2012). Who responds better? Factors influencing a positive response to brief alcohol interventions for individuals with traumatic brain injury. J Head Trauma Rehabil, 27(5), 342-348.

Ponsford, J., Tweedly, L., & Taffe, J. (2013). The relationship between alcohol and cognitive functioning following traumatic brain injury. J Clin Exp Neuropsychol, 35(1), 103-112.

Ponsford, J., Whelan-Goodinson, R., & Bahar-Fuchs, A. (2007). Alcohol and drug use following traumatic brain injury: A prospective study. Brain Inj, 21(13-14), 1385-1392.

Rao, Jellinek, H. M., & Woolston, D. C. (1985). Agitation in closed head injury: Haloperidol effects on rehabilitation outcome. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 66(1), 30-34.

Rao, V., Rosenberg, P., Bertrand, M., Salehinia, S., Spiro, J., Vaishnavi, S., . . . Miles, Q. S. (2009). Aggression after traumatic brain injury: Prevalence and correlates. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci, 21(4), 420-429.

Rapoport, M. J., Chan, F., Lanctot, K., Herrmann, N., McCullagh, S., & Feinstein, A. (2008). An open-label study of citalopram for major depression following traumatic brain injury. J Psychopharmacol, 22(8), 860-864.

Rapoport, M. J., Mitchell, R. A., McCullagh, S., Herrmann, N., Chan, F., Kiss, A., . . . Lanctôt, K. L. (2010). A randomized controlled trial of antidepressant continuation for major depression following traumatic brain injury. J Clin Psychiatry, 71(9), 1125-1130.

Rask, K., Parmelee, P. A., Taylor, J. A., Green, D., Brown, H., Hawley, J., . . . Ouslander, J. G. (2007). Implementation and evaluation of a nursing home fall management program. J Am Geriatr Soc, 55(3), 342-349.

Recupero, P. R., Price, M., Garvey, K. A., Daly, B., & Xavier, S. L. (2011). Restraint and seclusion in psychiatric treatment settings: Regulation, case law, and risk management. J Am Acad Psychiatry Law, 39(4), 465-476.

Rosati, D. L. (2002). Early polyneuropharmacologic intervention in brain injury agitation. Am J Phys Med Rehabil, 81(2), 90-93.

Rosenthal, M., Christensen, B. K., & Ross, T. P. (1998). Depression following traumatic brain injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 79(1), 90-103.

Ruff, R. M., & Niemann, H. (1990). Cognitive rehabilitation versus day treatment in head-injured adults: Is there an impact on emotional and psychosocial adjustment? Brain Inj, 4(4), 339-347.

Sabaz, M., Simpson, G. K., Walker, A. J., Rogers, J. M., Gillis, I., & Strettles, B. (2014). Prevalence, comorbidities, and correlates of challenging behavior among community-dwelling adults with severe traumatic brain injury: A multicenter study. J Head Trauma Rehabil, 29(2), E19-E30.

Salim, A., Ley, E. J., Cryer, H. G., Margulies, D. R., Ramicone, E., & Tillou, A. (2009). Positive serum ethanol level and mortality in moderate to severe traumatic brain injury. Arch Surg, 144(9), 865-871.

Salim, A., Teixeira, P., Ley, E. J., Dubose, J., Inaba, K., & Margulies, D. R. (2009). Serum ethanol levels: Predictor of survival after severe traumatic brain injury. J Trauma, 67(4), 697-703.

Sander, A. M., Bogner, J., Nick, T. G., Clark, A. N., Corrigan, J. D., & Rozzell, M. (2012). A randomized controlled trial of brief intervention for problem alcohol use in persons with traumatic brain injury. J Head Trauma Rehabil, 27(5), 319-330.

Sandhu, S. K., Mion, L. C., Khan, R. H., Ludwick, R., Claridge, J., Pile, J. C., . . . Dietrich, M. S. (2010). Likelihood of ordering physical restraints: Influence of physician characteristics. J Am Geriatr Soc, 58(7), 1272-1278.

Sawyer, E., Mauro, L. S., & Ohlinger, M. J. (2008). Amantadine enhancement of arousal and cognition after traumatic brain injury. Ann Pharmacother, 42(2), 247-252.

Schleenbaker, R. E., McDowell, S. M., Moore, R. W., Costich, J. F., & Prater, G. (1994). Restraint use in inpatient rehabilitation: Incidence, predictors, and implications. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 75(4), 427-430.

Schlund, M. W., & Pace, G. (1999). Relations between traumatic brain injury and the environment: Feedback reduces maladaptive behaviour exhibited by three persons with traumatic brain injury. Brain Inj, 13(11), 889-897.

Schönberger, M., Ponsford, J., McKay, A., Wong, D., Spitz, G., Harrington, H., & Mealings, M. (2014). Development and predictors of psychological adjustment during the course of community-based rehabilitation of traumatic brain injury: A preliminary study. Neuropsychol Rehabil, 24(2), 202-219.

Schutte, C., & Hanks, R. (2010). Impact of the presence of alcohol at the time of injury on acute and one-year cognitive and functional recovery after traumatic brain injury. Int J Neurosci, 120(8), 551-556.

Seel, R. T., MacCiocchi, S., & Kreutzer, J. S. (2010). Clinical considerations for the diagnosis of major depression after moderate to severe tBI. J Head Trauma Rehabil, 25(2), 99-112.

Shahin, H., Gopinath, S. P., & Robertson, C. S. (2010). Influence of alcohol on early glasgow coma scale in head-injured patients. J Trauma, 69(5), 1176-1181.

Shandro, J. R., Rivara, F. P., Wang, J., Jurkovich, G. J., Nathens, A. B., & MacKenzie, E. J. (2009). Alcohol and risk of mortality in patients with traumatic brain injury. J Trauma, 66(6), 1584-1590.

Sigurdardottir, S., Andelic, N., Røe, C., & Schanke, A. K. (2013). Depressive symptoms and psychological distress during the first five years after traumatic brain injury: Relationship with psychosocial stressors, fatigue and pain. J Rehabil Med, 45(8), 808-814.

Silver, J. M., Kramer, R., Greenwald, S., & Weissman, M. (2001). The association between head injuries and psychiatric disorders: Findings from the New Haven NIMH Epidemiologic Catchment Area Study. Brain Inj, 15(11), 935-945.

Simpson, G., & Tate, R. (2002). Suicidality after traumatic brain injury: Demographic, injury and clinical correlates. Psychol Med, 32(4), 687-697.

Simpson, G., & Tate, R. (2005). Clinical features of suicide attempts after traumatic brain injury. J Nerv Ment Dis, 193(10), 680-685.

Simpson, G. K., Sabaz, M., & Daher, M. (2013). Prevalence, clinical features, and correlates of inappropriate sexual behavior after traumatic brain injury: A multicenter study. J Head Trauma Rehabil, 28(3), 202-210.

Simpson, G. K., & Tate, R. L. (2007). Suicidality in people surviving a traumatic brain injury: Prevalence, risk factors and implications for clinical management. Brain Inj, 21(13-14), 1335-1351.

Simpson, G. K., Tate, R. L., Whiting, D. L., & Cotter, R. E. (2011). Suicide prevention after traumatic brain injury: A randomized controlled trial of a program for the psychological treatment of hopelessness. J Head Trauma Rehabil, 26(4), 290-300.

Singh, R., Venkateshwara, G., Nair, K. P. S., Khan, M., & Saad, R. (2014). Agitation after traumatic brain injury and predictors of outcome. Brain Inj, 28(3), 336-340.

Sperry, J. L., Gentilello, L. M., Minei, J. P., Diaz-Arrastia, R. R., Friese, R. S., & Shafi, S. (2006). Waiting for the patient to "sober up": Effect of alcohol intoxication on glasgow coma scale score of brain injured patients. J Trauma, 61(6), 1305-1311.

Spitz, G., Schönberger, M., & Ponsford, J. (2013). The Relations Among Cognitive Impairment, Coping Style, and Emotional Adjustment Following Traumatic Brain Injury. J Head Trauma Rehabil, 28(2), 116-125.

St. Joseph’s Health Care. (2012). Minimal Use of Restraints of Voluntary Patients and Residents. Retrieved from http://intra.sjhc.london.on.ca/policy/search_res.php

Stalder-Luthy, F., Messerli-Burgy, N., Hofer, H., Frischknecht, E., Znoj, H., & Barth, J. (2013). Effect of psychological interventions on depressive symptoms in long-term rehabilitation after an acquired brain injury: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 94(7), 1386-1397.

Stanislav, S. W., & Childs, A. (2000). Evaluating the usage of droperidol in acutely agitated persons with brain injury. Brain Inj, 14(3), 261-265.

Stevens, J. C. (2012). The use of physical restraints in neurologic patients in the inpatient setting. Continuum (Minneap Minn), 18(6), 1422-1426.

Stubbs, B., & Alderman, N. (2008). Physical interventions to manage patients with brain injury: An audit on its use and staff and patient injuries from the techniques. Brain Inj, 22(9), 691-696.

Stuke, L., Diaz-Arrastia, R., Gentilello, L. M., & Shafi, S. (2007). Effect of alcohol on Glasgow Coma Scale in head-injured patients. Ann Surgery, 245(4), 651-655.

Suen, L. K. P., Lai, C. K. Y., Wong, T. K. S., Chow, S. K. Y., Kong, S. K. F., Ho, J. Y. L., . . . Wong, I. Y. C. (2006). Use of physical restraints in rehabilitation settings: Staff knowledge, attitudes and predictors. J Adv Nurs, 55(1), 20-28.

Tate, P. S., Freed, D. M., Bombardier, C. H., Harter, S. L., & Brinkman, S. (1999). Traumatic brain injury: Influence of blood alcohol level on post-acute cognitive function. Brain Inj, 13(10), 767-784.

Tateno, A., Jorge, R. E., & Robinson, R. G. (2003). Clinical correlates of aggressive behavior after traumatic brain injury. Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci, 15(2), 155-160.

Taylor, L. A., Kreutzer, J. S., Demm, S. R., & Meade, M. A. (2003). Traumatic brain injury and substance abuse: A review and analysis of the literature. Neuropsychol Rehabil, 13(1-2), 165-188.

Thaut, M. H., Gardiner, J. C., Holmberg, D., Horwitz, J., Kent, L., Andrews, G., . . . McIntosh, G. R. (2009). Neurologic music therapy improves executive function and emotional adjustment in traumatic brain injury rehabilitation. Ann N Y Acad Sci, 1169(1), 406-416.

Tidwell, A., & Swims, M. (2003). Review of the newer antiepileptic drugs. Am J Manag Care, 9(3), 253-276.

Tien, H. C. N., Tremblay, L. N., Rizoli, S. B., Gelberg, J., Chughtai, T., Tikuisis, P., . . . Brenneman, F. D. (2006). Association between alcohol and mortality in patients with severe traumatic head injury. Arch Surg, 141(12), 1185-1191.

Tsaousides, T., Cantor, J. B., & Gordon, W. A. (2011). Suicidal ideation following traumatic brain injury: prevalence rates and correlates in adults living in the community. J Head Trauma Rehabil, 26(4), 265-275.

Turner, A. P., Bombardier, C. H., & Rimmele, C. T. (2003). A Typology of Alcohol Use Patterns Among Persons With Recent Traumatic Brain Injury or Spinal Cord Injury: Implications for Treatment Matching. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 84, 358-364.

Tweedly, L., Ponsford, J., & Lee, N. (2012). Investigation of the effectiveness of brief interventions to reduce alcohol consumption following traumatic brain injury. J Head Trauma Rehabil, 27(5), 331-341.

Underhill, A. T., Lobello, S. G., Stroud, T. P., Terry, K. S., Devivo, M. J., & Fine, P. R. (2003). Depression and life satisfaction in patients with traumatic brain injury: A longitudinal study. Brain Inj, 17(11), 973-982.

van Reekum, R., Bolago, I., Finlayson, M. A., Garner, S., & Links, P. S. (1996). Psychiatric disorders after traumatic brain injury. Brain Inj, 10(5), 319-327.

Vickery, C. D., Sherer, M., Nick, T. G., Nakase-Richardson, R., Corrigan, J. D., Hammond, F., . . . Sander, A. (2008). Relationships Among Premorbid Alcohol Use, Acute Intoxication, and Early Functional Status After Traumatic Brain Injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 89(1), 48-55.

Visscher, A. J. M., van Meijel, B., Stolker, J. J., Wiersma, J., & Nijman, H. (2011). Aggressive behaviour of inpatients with acquired brain injury. J Clin Nurs, 20(23-24), 3414-3422.

Volavka, J., Czobor, P., Nolan, K., Sheitman, B., Lindenmayer, J. P., Citrome, L., . . . Lieberman, J. A. (2004). Overt Aggression and Psychotic Symptoms in Patients with Schizophrenia Treated with Clozapine, Olanzapine, Risperidone, or Haloperidol. J Clin Psychopharmacol, 24(2), 225-228.

Waldron, B., Casserly, L. M., & O'Sullivan, C. (2013). Cognitive behavioural therapy for depression and anxiety in adults with acquired brain injury: what works for whom? Neuropsychol Rehabil, 23(1), 64-101.

Warden, D. L., Labbate, L. A., Salazar, A. M., Nelson, R., Sheley, E., Staudenmeier, J., & Martin, E. (1997). Posttraumatic stress disorder in patients with traumatic brain injury and amnesia for the event? J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci, 9(1), 18-22.

Warriner, E. M., & Velikonja, D. (2006). Psychiatric disturbances after traumatic brain injury: Neurobehavioral and personality changes. Curr Psychiatry Rep, 8(1), 73-80.

Webb, P. M., & Glueckauf, R. L. (1994). The effects of direct involvement in goal setting on rehabilitation outcome for persons with traumatic brain injuries. Rehabil Psychol, 39(3), 179-188.

Wehman, P., Targett, P., Yasuda, S., & Brown, T. (2000). Return to work for individuals with TBI and a history of substance abuse. NeuroRehabilitation, 15(1), 71-77.

Weinstein, A. A., Chin, L. M. K., Collins, J., Goel, D., Keyser, R. E., & Chan, L. (2016). Effect of Aerobic Exercise Training on Mood in People With Traumatic Brain Injury: A Pilot Study. J Head Trauma Rehabil, 32(3), E49-E56.

Wesolowski, M. D., Zencius, A. H., & Rodriguez, I. M. (1999). Mini-breaks: The use of escape on a fixed-time schedule to reduce unauthorized breaks from vocational training sites for individuals with brain injury. Behav Intervent, 14(3), 163-170.

West, S. L., Graham, C. W., & Cifu, D. X. (2009). Rates of Alcohol/Other Drug Treatment Denials to Persons With Physical Disabilities: Accessibility Concerns. Alcohol Treat Q, 27(3), 305-316.

Wiart, L., Richer, E., Destaillats, J. M., Joseph, P. A., Dehail, P., & Mazaux, J. M. (2012). Psychotherapeutic follow up of out patients with traumatic brain injury: preliminary results of an individual neurosystemic approach. Ann Phys Rehabil Med, 55(6), 375-387.

Wilde, E. A., Bigler, E. D., Gandhi, P. V., Lowry, C. M., Blatter, D. D., Brooks, J., & Ryser, D. K. (2004). Alcohol Abuse and Traumatic Brain Injury: Quantitative Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Neuropsychological Outcome. J Neurotrauma, 21(2), 137-147.

Wisco, B. E., Marx, B. P., Holowka, D. W., Vasterling, J. J., Han, S. C., Chen, M. S., . . . Keane, T. M. (2014). Traumatic brain injury, PTSD, and current suicidal ideation among Iraq and Afghanistan U.S. veterans. J Trauma Stress, 27(2), 244-248.

Wise, E. K., Hoffman, J. M., Powell, J. M., Bombardier, C. H., & Bell, K. R. (2012). Benefits of exercise maintenance after traumatic brain injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 93(8), 1319-1323.

Wolffbrandt, M. M., Poulsen, I., Engberg, A. W., & Hornnes, N. (2013). Occurrence and severity of agitated behavior after severe traumatic brain injury. Rehabil Nurs, 38(3), 133-141.

Wroblewski, B. A., Joseph, A. B., & Cornblatt, R. R. (1996). Antidepressant pharmacotherapy and the treatment of depression in patients with severe traumatic brain injury: A controlled, prospective study. J Clin Psychiatry, 57(12), 582-587.

Wroblewski, B. A., Joseph, A. B., Kupfer, J., & Kalliel, K. (1997). Effectiveness of valproic acid on destructive and aggressive behaviours in patients with acquired brain injury. Brain Inj, 11(1), 37-47.

Zatzick, D. F., Rivara, F. P., Jurkovich, G. J., Hoge, C. W., Wang, J., Fan, M.-Y., . . . MacKenzie, E. J. (2010). Multisite Investigation of Traumatic Brain Injuries, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, and Self-reported Health and Cognitive Impairments. Arch Gen Psychiatry, 67(12), 1291-1300.