Table Appendices: (Table 7.6)

Training Communication Partners

Individual Studies

Table 7.6 Training Communication Partners

Communication Interventions: Training Communication Partners

Author/Year/ Country/Study design/PEDro and D&B Score

Methods

Outcomes

Togher et al., (2004)

Australia

RCT-cross over design

PEDro=5

D&B=15

N=20Intervention focused on the communication partners of people with ABI and educating them about normal discourse patterns. 20 police officers were assigned to one of 2 groups (training or control).  Those in the training group were provided with a 6-week training program.  Pre- and post- training communications with individuals with ABI during a telephone service inquiry were transcribed and analyzed using generic structure potential analysis.

The trained communication partners interacted significantly differently (p<0.05) with people with severe ABI when compared to an untrained control group. Partner training resulted in more efficient and focused interactions, and fewer episodes of unrelated utterances by the people with ABI. Trained communication partners were able to use strategies such as providing appropriate feedback and support during service encounter interactions, which enabled people with ABI to respond in an appropriate manner.

Behn et al.,

(2012)

UK/Australia

RCT

PEDro=6

D&B=21

N=10Paid care givers (n=5) were randomly assigned to a programme on how to facilitate better conversations with individuals who had had a TBI. The control group (n=5) was not trained. Those in the treatment group participated in in a range of collaboration and elaboration conversational strategies. Collaborative strategies were designed to encourage those with a TBI to participate more in conversations; to become active participants in the conversation. Strategies were designed to introduce topics of interest to the individual with the TBI and to encourage them to make comments thus encouraging a 2 way dialogue.

Study results found paid care givers were able to benefit from training; all were able to improve their communication skills with those who had sustained a brain injury. These finding were noted immediately following training and again at the 6th month follow-up. Trained care givers also found they experienced greater levels of burden and described negative aspects of caring often then those who were not in the paid group.

PEDro = Physiotherapy Evidence Database rating scale score (Moseley et al., 2002).

D&B = Downs and Black (1998) quality assessment scale score